Saturday, 12 January 2013
IMPORTANCE OF CORRUPTION
Today corruption is almost world phenomenon. It is in fact, universal problem having existed in all ages. It has clung to mankind like an incurable disease. The true reason for corruption is desire to get rich by any means. In a free and competitive society, investment of capital can yield only reasonable returns in the long run. But corruption or acceptance of bribes promises rapid change in financial conditions. In a society governed by corrupt officials the whole system of moral, ethical and religious values is impaired. The distinction between right and wrong disappears.
The factors that contribute to the prevalence of corruption differ from country to country. Those that are common to most countries including Pakistan are seven. First general economic condition of the country is poor and everyone tries to feather his nest. secondly the rates of remuneration of public functionaries are low and they are tempted to accept bribes. Thirdly the general price level and the standards of living are very high and honest means of earnings fail to achieve it.. Fourthly social conditions and customs demand lavish expenditure of money. Fifthly there exists no strong opinion against corruption it has been accepted as common thing. Sixthly laws confer on the public servants vast powers and discretions. They take undue advantage of that.
To root out corruption, a complete change of the political, social and economic system is necessary. However liberal can reduce corruption. The reason is wealth targets aimed at by corrupt official are very high. The new government has to rely on permanent services for its day to day administration. It is very difficult, though not impossible to solve the difficult social problem of corruption. Lastly the punishment for corruption should be more exemplary.